Wednesday, January 23, 2019

The countries that drink the most coffee

                                                                  Which nation loves coffee the most?

It's International Coffee Day, a global celebration of flat whites and espresso martinis.

But which country is most fond of the much-loved bean? We've mapped the world according to coffee consumption per capita – and it's the Finns that come out on top. They grind their way through an impressive 12kg per person per year, according to stats from the International Coffee Organization (ICO). 

Finland's neighbours are just as hungry for java. Norway, Iceland, Denmark and Sweden also make the top 10 – it must be those long winters. 
The US comes 26th, while the UK turns up at number 45.

The world's 20 biggest coffee drinkers

  1. Finland - 12kg per capita per year
  2. Norway - 9.9
  3. Iceland - 9
  4. Denmark - 8.7
  5. Netherlands - 8.4
  6. Sweden - 8.2
  7. Switzerland - 7.9
  8. Belgium - 6.8
  9. Luxembourg - 6.5
  10. Canada - 6.2
  11. Bosnia and Herzegovina - 6.1
  12. Austria - 5.9
  13. Italy - 5.8
  14. Slovenia - 5.8
  15. Brazil - 5.5
  16. Germany - 5.5
  17. Greece - 5.4
  18. France - 5.1
  19. Croatia - 4.9
  20. Cyprus - 4.8
While the Scandis dominate the business end of the coffee-drinking table, the ranking of coffee-producing nations is very different. You can't grow coffee in northern Europe (obviously). 
Brazil is the world's biggest exporter of coffee, shipping a truly remarkable 5.7bn pounds of grounds each year, according to ICO. In fact, Brazil has been the world’s largest exporter of coffee for more than 150 years. It supplied around 80 per cent of the world’s coffee in the 1920s, but that figure has fallen to around a third.
Second is, perhaps surprisingly, Vietnam, with 3.6bn, followed by Colombia, Indonesia and Ethiopia.

The world's 10 biggest coffee exporters

  1. Brazil - 5.7bn pounds
  2. Vietnam - 3.6bn
  3. Colombia - 1.8bn
  4. Indonesia - 1.5bn
  5. Ethiopia - 847m
  6. Honduras - 767m
  7. India - 767m
  8. Uganda - 635m
  9. Mexico - 516m
  10. Guatemala - 450m

The most branches of Starbucks per capita

Love it or hate it, Starbucks has spread its caffeine-soaked tentacles around all four corners of the globe. But which country has the most branches per head of population? SilverDoor (a serviced apartment website) crunched the numbers, and Monaco came out on top, followed by the US, Canada, Aruba and The Bahamas. 
  1. Monaco - 52.08 per 1 million inhabitants
  2. United States - 41
  3. Canada - 38.8
  4. Aruba - 27.25
  5. The Bahamas - 26.45
  6. Kuwait - 25.34
  7. Singapore - 23.18
  8. South Korea - 19.3
  9. Curacao - 18.87
  10. Taiwan - 16.74
  11. Ireland - 15.34
  12. Bahrain - 14.95
  13. United Arab Emirates - 14.61
  14. United Kingdom - 13.84
  15. Andorra - 12.82
What about tea?
The UK's lowly position in the coffee rankings may be down to our devotion to another hot beverage: tea. We drink more tea per person per year (4.281 pounds) than all but two other nations, according to 2014 Euromonitor statistics. Turkey tops that particular table, with 6.961 pounds consumed annually per capita. 

The world's 20 biggest tea drinkers

  1. Turkey - 6.961 lbs per capita per year
  2. Ireland - 4.831
  3. United Kingdom - 4.281
  4. Russia - 3.051
  5. Morocco - 2.682
  6. New Zealand - 2.629
  7. Egypt - 2.231
  8. Poland - 2.204
  9. Japan - 2.133
  10. Saudi Arabia - 1.983
  11. South Africa - 1.789
  12. Netherlands - 1.714
  13. Australia - 1.649
  14. Chile - 1.613
  15. United Arab Emirates - 1.589
  16. Germany - 1.524
  17. Hong Kong - 1.428
  18. Ukraine - 1.284
  19. China - 1.248
  20. Canada - 1.121
The above figures include tea in many forms: Earl Grey, masala chai, green, mint and iced – so long as it's derived from the tea plant, Camellia sinensis. 
But include maté tea and a slew of new nations enter the equation, including Paraguay, where they guzzle 26.9lbs of the stuff per person per year, Uruguay (21.3lbs) and Argentina (13.3lbs).

Friday, January 4, 2019

The Biggest Coffee Sustainability 2019

The Forecast is Bleak: Inside the 2018 Coffee Barometer


An increasingly consolidated, profit-driven coffee industry in leading consumer markets like the United States and Europe is failing to respond to serious sustainability threats. In this failure — in which the short-term pursuit of profit is prioritized over long-term sustainable practices — the coffee industry is rapidly headed towards its own peril.

Most-Vulnerable Farmers Being Left Out of Certifications, Geographic Analysis Shows

“Certification appears to be concentrated in areas important for biodiversity conservation, but not in those areas most in need of poverty alleviation, although there were exceptions to each of these patterns,” a group of researchers from the U.K. and U.S. wrote in a recent paper in the journal “Biological Conservation” called “Where are commodity crops certified, and what does it mean for conservation and poverty alleviation?”

New Policy Report Tackles Voluntary Sustainability Standards in Coffee

The proliferation of the most popular third-party sustainability certifications in coffee has led to modest benefits to coffee producers overall, though many of the world’s poorest farmers lack the resources to participate, and supply of certified coffee may be outpacing demand.

Public Consultation is Open for Rainforest Alliance’s Sweeping New Standard

At first glance, two of the biggest differences in the new standards appear to be a mechanism by which producers can more easily work towards certification within the contexts of their given farms, and more individualized and data-driven auditing mechanisms both for producers and RA.

Coffee leaf rust swept over Latin America in 2012, and the economic reverberations continue to be felt today. Photo courtesy of World Coffee Research.

Coffee is Rapidly Losing Its Resistance to Rust, Says WCR Science Director

The coffee industry has traditionally and conveniently placed coffee varieties and cultivars into one of two simple categories when considering plants’ natural resistance to leaf rust disease: 1) resistant, or 2) susceptible. The line between the two blurred in a publicly revelatory way when the Arabica variety lempira, which was widely planted throughout Honduras, was discovered last year to have lost its resistance to leaf rust.

Starbucks Committing $20 Million to Farmer Assistance Amid Price Crisis

Starbucks has become the first major global coffee company to publicly put some big money where its mouth is, announcing today the commitment of up to $20 million in relief funds to coffee farmers being affected by the price crisis on the commodities market.

Five-Year, $36.4 Million Effort to Boost Coffee and Cocoa in Latin America

The international development nonprofit TechnoServe is leading the coffee-related efforts in a five-year, $36.4 million initiative designed to revive and bolster the coffee and cocoa sectors in six Latin American coffee-growing countries.

James Hoffmann Let's Talk Coffee
James Hoffmann speaking at the 2018 Let’s Talk Coffee Global event in Cartagena, Colombia. Photo by Bryan Clifton, courtesy of Sustainable Harvest/Let’s Talk Coffee.

A Radical New Social Contract Concept from James Hoffmann

Despite all of the best intentions and practical efforts of the specialty coffee sector’s progressive leaders, it seems little has changed in terms of the coffee trade’s fundamental dynamics of power and risk, Hoffmann contended. Hoffmann’s perspective here stems in part from his origin-focused country-by-country research for “The World Atlas of Coffee.”

New ‘Useful Plants Indicator’ Shows Conservation Lacking in Coffee

Coffee is behind in the ongoing race to protect wild plant species biodiversity as the earth faces increasing climate change, loss of habitat and other natural and man-made challenges, according to a new conservation research study.

Birds Are Good with Robusta or Arabica, As Long As There Are Trees

While the prevailing choice among discerning coffee drinkers is for arabica over robusta, birds seem equally fine with either, so long as adequate canopy cover is in place and pesticides are kept to a minimum.

coffee processing wet mill wastewater

From Coffee Wastewater to Clean Water and Electricity: Fuel Cell Gets Boost

Wastewater from coffee processing remains a persistent polluter, affecting waterways, soil health and entire coffee-growing communities. In the case of small, farm-level mills — like those found throughout Colombia and other Latin American coffee countries — coffee wastewater is often filled with with organic matter, it’s extremely acidic, and it has high biochemical oxygen demand.

Starbucks Committing $10 Million to Recyclable Cup Solutions

Paradoxically, the company is now investing in solutions to an environmental sustainability problem that it has long recognized, yet willfully perpetuates to this day. For example, Starbucks proudly trumpets the release of its annual holiday cups, mentioning neither the resources used to produce them nor the fact that the vast majority of them are to end up in landfills.

Ranking Certifications: German Rersearchers Create VSS Index for Coffee

In general, the index (called VOCSI) showed that third-party certifications, particularly those with support from NGOs, outperformed standards utilizing self-assessment. Examples of the former include UTZ, Rainforest Alliance and Fair Trade USA, while examples of the latter include Starbucks’ C.A.F.E. Practices and Nespresso AAA.